Networking for Smart City and Smart Health

The Smart City mission, a part of the Urban Rejuvenation initiative by the Government of India, is a step towards leveraging technology to create smart solutions to make our cities efficient and sustainable. This concept includes smart governance, education, and healthcare along with smart buildings, infrastructure and energy. The rise of digital India and the government’s ongoing initiatives towards digitisation have taken this concept from dream to a reality. Considering that the success ratio of any city is directly proportional to the health of its people, can the smart city and smart health concepts remain mutually exclusive?

Nilesh Vyas, a US-based technologist, has a long experience in healthcare systems and solutions. He is the founder of MARS Plus, a fully-integrated healthcare platform. “This digital age compels us to explore opportunities for doing things better. An integrated ecosystem for smart health is a strong push in making healthcare better, more organised and accessible for all,” he shares. He further gives a lowdown on the same.

According to him, new and emerging technologies in healthcare are driving the consumerisation of healthcare. The smart health ecosystem, much like the smart city concept, aims to leverage technologies to bring about healthcare transformation. This concept gives healthcare providers the option to leverage technologies to create a healthcare system that is more efficient, organised and resilient, thus helping them become more patientcentric by connecting the dots in our existing healthcare structure.

However, in order to reap the benefits of the ‘smart’ concept, what we need is a completely connected and integrated ecosystem that removes the silos that impede growth.

A connected healthcare system, much like the Smart City concept, leverages data to improve efficiencies. Whether it is to improve doctor-patient interactions, improve process efficiencies, or improve healthcare management, data is where we must look. However, when data is stored in siloes, it becomes hard to access and process. An integrated ecosystem takes care of this challenge and makes sure that the users and providers have anywhere, anytime access to all health-related data to facilitate better decision-making. An integrated platform that offers OPD, and IPD management, EHR/ EMR management, finance management, electronic medi-claim supplemented with data analytics helps in eliminating performance inhibitors in the hospital environment.

Such an integrated ecosystem works towards connecting all the stakeholders of healthcare on one platform to facilitate information exchange. This means the patient, the doctors, and the ancillary healthcare branches such as pharmacy both inside the hospital and outside, and labs are also connected seamlessly using a central network. Patient care, thus, becomes infinitely easier with greater access and management of health data for all stakeholders.

The data generated from smart health initiatives can be used to further public health initiatives. Identifying public health problems, assessing risks of pandemics and epidemics, facilitating better decision-making and proactive care become easier and efficient with the help of data.

Such systems can also help in better disease management by enabling better pre and post-operative care. Chronic health diseases management can become easier using mHealth. This helps in reducing hospital readmission rates. Additionally, this variety of data is a goldmine for aiding preventive medicine along with aiding research.

This article originally appeared in Times of India

The Most Common Oral Surgery Procedures You Need to Know About

The word “surgery” has a tendency to instill fear in the minds of adults and children alike, and the term “oral surgery” only seems to make matters worse. Research shows that around 60% of people have dental anxiety and will wait till the final hour to go get their dental issues taken care of. We’re hoping that this blog helps shed light on oral surgery in general, so that the word “surgery” will make you smile instead of shy away. How could these words possibly make you smile? Because of the end result! An oral surgery will enhance your life and relieve you from discomfort so you have a new found freedom to look forward to!

Here’s what you need to know – oral surgery itself is performed to treat diseases, correct conditions of the teeth, gums, and jaw, and, sometimes is used for cosmetic purposes as well. Oral surgeries may be further classified as “major” and “minor”. Minor procedures are routine and are performed with ease whereas major surgeries are more complex and time-consuming. In fact, oral surgery is becoming a popular trend among the cosmetic community. Procedures like crown lengthening and removal of clefts are becoming more common as people resort to oral surgery to correct imperfections in their appearances. So what are the most common oral procedures that you should be aware of? Here is a small list.

Tooth extraction

There are several factors that lead to the extraction of a tooth. This is a decision that is taken by dentists after ascertaining that the damage or disease on the tooth is so bad that the tooth cannot be saved or restored. The tooth is simply removed from the socket in a simple process. A tooth extraction will provide a lot of relief from any pain you may be in due to the condition. In many cases, the empty socket is then filled with the artificial tooth so that the overall appearance of the denture does not get spoiled.

Odontectomy

In some cases, a tooth may be impacted and as a result, it gets trapped under the bone and soft tissue. This means that the tooth will not erupt in the mouth – this is a common issue with molars and canines. For example, you may have a third molar which needs to be removed. For this procedure, a small incision is made in the gum and the bone is carefully removed by sectioning the tooth. After recovery, you will find tremendous relief.

Impacted wisdom tooth removal

Wisdom teeth grow for all young adults in their early twenties and is usually no problem. However, for some cases, the wisdom tooth may be impacted and in this case, it makes the most sense to remove it. These third molars get impacted or trapped under the soft tissue and if left untreated, can cause major misalignment. If the wisdom tooth is not removed, food gets trapped around the wisdom teeth which in turn causes tooth decay-causing pain to the patient. It’s best to have these removed so that your teeth are saved from misalignment.

Sleep apnea treatment

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that needs immediate attention. There are a number of options for treating this condition and in extreme cases, surgery is the best long-term option. What happens with this disorder is that excess tissue at the back of the throat constricts breathing, which can be dangerous while you are asleep and unconscious of your breath. An oral surgeon can extract the excess tissue and clear the airway so that air may pass freely through the system without any blockages. You can rest assured that you will sleep easily after sleep apnea treatment.

Dental implants

If you are suffering from loss of a tooth, a dental implant may be necessary. In this procedure, small posts are attached to the tooth sockets of the patient to heal. After the healing process is complete, the artificial teeth are screwed into place on these posts, creating permanent replacements that look and feel like real teeth.

Gum surgery

Sometimes, cleaning of the gums may not be enough to rectify long-term scaling and damage. In these cases, a gum surgery could be the only option. Depending on the surgery, an incision is made at the gums so that the roots and internal parts of the bone may be worked on. In some cases, bone grafting and grafting of the soft tissue may also be necessary.

Jaw surgery

This is a common last resort in cases of impact injuries and accidents. This is a procedure that is used to rectify fractures, orthodontic anomalies, and for the removal of any pathology in the jaw region. These are slightly complex and called for oral maxillofacial surgeons.

Surgery for unequal jaw growth

Some people have an issue where the upper and lower jaws do not grow as they should. In these cases, the patient may have trouble with basic bodily functions such as eating, breathing, talking and even swallowing. For extreme cases, oral surgery is used to recreate a suitable jaw structure that is more balanced and functional.

If you can put your preconceived notions aside, you will realize that there is nothing risky about oral surgeries! What’s more is that doctors have a moral and professional obligation to make their patients feel comfortable by answering any and all questions that they may have regarding the procedure, so don’t be afraid to voice any doubt or fear you may have. You can be rest assured that your doctor will provide you with support for the same. If there is pain in the picture, it is addressed with general anesthesia, so if it’s the pain that you’re afraid of, have no fear because you won’t feel a thing! Nothing can compare to the relief you will feel after getting a nagging issue seen to, so if you have any dental work that you have been postponing due to a fear of dentists and surgery, remember that prevention is better than cure. It’s always best to nip something in the bud rather than to wait for it to fester and spiral out of proportion. If you’re new to a city or if you don’t know any oral surgeons, download our app and access the best, verified and experienced oral surgeons in your area who would be more than happy to help with any condition you may have.

 

Beyond Fitbit, There Is More To Health Management

Health management found an altogether new meaning in 2007 when Fitbit Inc set its foundation in San Francisco. A decade down the line, the world has caught up with the ‘healthy living’ trend and how! What started more as a fad has now become an integral part of people’s lives. There are people who just cannot function without their Fitbit tugging at their wrists! No, we are not exaggerating.

Fitbit came in as a revolutionary product that helped people keep track of their physical activity. It gave birth to a horde of other fitness trackers that let you track your physical/health activities ranging from calorie intake, calories burnt, steps walked, kilometres ran, water intake, sleep et al. You name it and you have a tracker for it today – be it in the form of a wearable gadget or a mobile phone application. These are all great ways to ensure that you are leading a healthy life but have you ever wondered that this is not all that health management is about?

Health management is an umbrella term and tracking physical activities and sleep is just two of the many other aspects that one needs to cater to for a having a healthy mind and body. The fad of fitness trackers and app has made people overlook the bigger picture. Managing health is not only about tracking your steps, calories, or food but also about monitoring your health at regular intervals. Monitoring health is what these apps and trackers don’t provide for. A holistic approach to health management will be tracking as well as monitoring other aspects. Let’s take a look –

Managing Personal Health Record (PHR) History:

Personal Health Record (PHR) is a tool that helps an individual to keep a track of their past and current health and medical history. Unlike the fitness apps and trackers where you live by the day, the PHR is a consolidated data about your entire health history. It helps doctors in tracking your past health record thereby felicitating better and accurate medical care. It keeps track of your diagnosis and treatments which, in turn, helps the doctors in precise analysis and treatment. There are several mobile apps available today which can help you keep track of your personal health record right from the mobile.

Healthcare Advice

Have a stomach ache? Google the symptoms and voila you have stomach cancer! Hasn’t this happened with most of us? Today, Googling about a disease has created more anxiety than the disease itself. With so much of information at our disposal, it becomes difficult to measure the accuracy of it. Reading a couple of articles on the internet cannot provide you with the healthcare advice you need. You need qualified professionals to guide you through. You need access to quality health advice from expert professionals – delivered right on your mobile phone.

Keeping in Touch with Doctors

How many times have you texted your doctor regarding some ailment or post-op follow-up? Innumerable, isn’t it? Ever wondered about how unsystematic you are being regarding such vital information? It becomes difficult not only for you but also for the doctor to keep track of your medical history. You should be able to communicate with the doctor while making your medical information available systematically. You don’t need to visit the doctor nor do you need to worry about losing track of your vital medical information. Everything should be placed systematically under your health profile.

Locating Doctors, Labs & Other Medical Facilities

Just like apps wherein you review restaurants, how about an app where you can review doctors, labs, X-ray and MRI centres etc? We seek reviews from acquaintances and friends before finalizing a doctor or accessing any other medical facility. But, what if you are stuck in a new city with no reliable acquaintance? In such situations, it helps to have an app more like an online directory that recommends and reviews doctors, hospitals, labs and other medical centres.

Good Diet & Exercise

Completing 10k steps every day on your fitness tracker doesn’t mean that you have met your exercise quota nor does consuming food with limited calorie ensures you are having a good and healthy diet. Exercise and a good diet are well beyond that. One needs to exercise for at least 30 minutes at a stretch. Walking 10k steps over the entire day doesn’t count for exercise. A good diet is imperative in maintaining health and keeping a check on calorie count doesn’t imply good diet. You need to ensure that your diet is meeting your nutrition quota for the day. A good diet should be based on the intake of nutrients more than the calorie count.

The fad of healthy life has skewed the meaning of health management. Losing weight or building muscle doesn’t mean you are fit or healthy. Being healthy is far more than just your outer body. Though it is not bad to keep a track of your day to day physical activities and eating habits, one needs to focus on the rest of the above-mentioned aspects as well in order to achieve a perfectly healthy mind and body.

 

How to Stay Healthy – Even in A Demanding Job

The changing lifestyles with increased work pressure and long working hours are many times considered to be the most used excuses by the general working class for overlooking their health. We do understand that maintaining a healthy work-life balance is not easy, but it certainly isn’t an impossible task to accomplish.

A 2016 report by Optum inferred that 46% of the corporate workforce in India suffers from some form of mental or physical health issue. The report further suggested that 30% of the workforce was at high risk of diabetes or hypertension. 43% of the employees who took the survey had a skewed BMI (Body Mass Index), and out of this 43%, 30% were at high risk of hypertension and 46% were burdened with excessive stress.

Heavy pay cheques come at a heavier price – health. Stress has been touted as one of the primary culprits behind 78% human health issues across the globe. In another survey by Optum, they found out the following significant stressors of corporate India:

  • Higher salaries, higher expectations. This burdens the employee to give more than hundred percent of their ability to their employers and organisations
  • The unpredictability of professional environment. Office politics induces fear of job retention
  • Lifestyle issues like sleep disorder, poor eating habits, and lack of physical activity
  • Pressure to maintain a certain standard of living 

What Can Organisations Do?

Declining health is a pressing issue both for employers and employees. And to bring in a change in the working environment, both need to work together towards achieving this goal. Organisations can facilitate employee health by adopting these simple measures:

  1. Workout Area or Access to Exercise

Exercise is one of the best stress relievers. An able adult should workout for at least 30 minutes every day to maintain a healthy body and mind. By providing a workout area or a well-equipped gym, organisations can help in promoting healthy living. Studies have shown that easy access to the gym or a running circuit acts as an encouraging element for people to take up physical activity. 

  1. Company / Team Outings

Company outings are the best ways for the employees to unwind and rejuvenate.  Such outings not only let the employees put their hair down and enjoy but also allow them to open up on various interpersonal issues thereby creating a friendly bond amongst the colleagues.

  1. Recreational or Quiet Space

Most jobs demand some space, especially creative ones. Organisations can help employees by creating a designated quiet chamber for them to unwind and think clearly. Recreational spaces are more about engaging employees with the availability of games like chess, carom, etc. As per the demand of the nature of the work, employers can provide for such spaces inside the office campuses.

What Can Employees do?

Employers can only encourage healthy living by providing means for achieving a healthy lifestyle, but it is ultimately the employee who needs to avail and utilise the available resources. Besides that, inculcating some simple healthy habits can help you in leading a good and healthy lifestyle. Adopt these simple changes in your routine and see your health improve.

  1. Healthy Eating Habits

As clichéd as it may sound, but your body is what you feed it. Long working hours can be tiresome but it does not provide you with an excuse to overlook what you are feeding to your body. Follow these simple changes to see a difference:

  • Supplement your snack time with nuts and protein bars instead of eating junk food during break hours.
  • Cut down on your soda and processed juices. If you need refreshment, opt for fresh juices or lemon juice.
  • Drink, drink, and drink as much water as you can throughout the day.
  • Start your day with a glass of water.
  1. Sleep Cycle

Cut down on your recreational activities if they demand to compromise on your sleeping hours. There’s no medicine as good as a sound 8 hours sleep. The body organs and mind undergoes reparation when the body is at rest during night hours. You need to provide it ample time for this process. Lack of sleep and sleep disorders have become a household name in today’s time. Learn to cut out from the world and invest in sleep.

  1. Increase Movement

Long sitting hours have played a major role in deteriorating health of the employees. Sitting is considered as dangerous as smoking these days. You are putting your body at more than one health risk if you are sitting continuously for long hours. Doing so increases belly fat which in return puts you at high risk of diabetes and various heart-related issues. Take breaks at regular intervals of 30-40 mins. Just walk to the water cooler to refill your bottle. Make sure to maintain correct posture by keeping your spine and shoulders straight. Dropping shoulders and slouching spine results in back pains, cold shoulders, and stiff neck.

The adage ‘Health is wealth’ makes more sense than ever. In a quest to achieve your career goals, don’t neglect your health. A man is what he is only until he has a fit and able body. An unhealthy mind and body will be of no service either to you or your family. Maintaining good health is as important as earning your bread and butter. Don’t ignore the former for the latter. With these simple and easy steps, you can lead a healthy life.

The 5 New Popular Diets You Need to be Aware of

The moment we hear the word ‘diet’ we associate it with weight loss. This phenomenon has become so prevalent that there are times when people use weight loss and diet as synonyms!

Over the years, nutritionists and physicians have insisted on following a diet in order to lose weight. Well, that’s not all a good diet does. Besides keeping a check on your weight, it promotes overall good health and well-being.

Following a fancy diet has become a fad and everybody wants to jump on the diet bandwagon without understanding the importance and implication of these diets. Each body is different, and so are its requirements. No two people can gain from the same diet. Apart from losing weight, people follow a rigorous or strict diet to gain weight, build muscle, increase stamina, improve immunity, and to stay fit.

Popular Diets

 It’s always wise to understand what you are feeding to your body. Your body becomes what you eat. Here is a peek into some of the popular diets doing the rounds at present:

  1. Blood Type Diet

Did you know that your blood type can play a pivotal role in deciding what you are eating? This particular diet focuses on the person’s blood type. This type was formulated on the basis of various researches that have shown the importance of a person’s blood type on their health. You might know people who lose weight quickly and some who try every possible trick under the sun and, yet, their weighing scale doesn’t move an inch. The blood type has a significant role to play in this as well. Studies by researchers have ascertained that people of different blood type react differently to factors like stress, physical strain, certain food items, viruses, etc. Some blood types are more prone to diseases as compared to others. So, if you are suffering from chronic ailments or clueless about why your current diet is not making you healthier, you might try this particular diet.

  1. DASH Diet

Dash diet has been in the news recently in the US for being the best diet to combat depression. The researchers believe that people following DASH diet had shown improvement in their mental health. This diet is based upon natural food products like fresh vegetables and fruits, nuts, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, healthy fats, and lean meats. This diet lets you keep a check on your blood pressure as well. If you are suffering from depression or blood pressure issues, then you can give this diet a shot.

  1. Primal Blueprint Diet

Also called as Caveman diet, it was introduced around mid-70s. The primary motive of this diet is to eliminate grains from your gastronomic routine. This diet emphasises on eating like the cavemen that include consumption of meat, fish, nuts, and raw vegetables. There are neither specific portions to adhere to nor any intervals to keep a check on. Eat when you feel hungry and eat to your heart’s content.

  1. Flexitarian Diet

As the name suggests, it is a flexible diet that allows you to shift between vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. It is aimed at reducing the meat intake without completely excluding it from the diet. This diet encourages you to eat more veggies. As the name suggests, this diet is all about flexibility – it not only helps in weight loss but also helps in lowering the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, and cancer.

  1. Intermittent Fasting

Contrary to the belief of eating at often regular intervals, this diet promotes eating in long gaps. Indians have been following fasting as a ritual since times immemorial. This diet is just that – fasting. You can opt from various fasting intervals depending upon the need of your body and physical activity. The variations that you can choose from include:

  • 20 hours fasting called as the Warrior Diet
  • 16 hours fasting meant for lean gains
  • 36 hours fasting which is Alternate day fasting
  • 24 hours fasting once or twice a week

Those following this diet have experienced better productivity, improvement in mental and physical health, muscle gain, and fat loss. Of course, intermittent fasting has to be properly combined with regular exercise and right eating.

Every diet plan is meant to cater to a specific body. You need to first understand your body and know what you need and require from your diet before starting on any diet plan. It is advisable to check with your nutritionist or physician before starting any particular diet.