Currently, more than 35 million people across the globe live with HIV/AIDS. Around 3.3 million of them are under the age of 15. In 2012, an estimated 2.3 million people were newly infected with HIV, and 260,000 of them were under the age of 15. Every day about 6,300 people contract HIV— that’s 262 every hour. In 2012, 1.6 million people died of AIDS and 210,000 of them were under the age of 15. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 75 million people have contracted HIV and nearly 36 million have died of HIV-related causes.
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 2.39 million
India has a relatively low rate of HIV infection as compared to Africa and the Asia Pacific region. According to the 2012 National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) report, which is a Government of India institution, an estimated 2.39 million people are currently living with HIV/ AIDS in India. Of these, 0.31% people are above the age of 15. HIV epidemics are severe in the south and north-east of India. The highest estimated adult HIV occurrence is found in Manipur at 0.78%, followed by Andhra Pradesh at 0.76%, Karnataka at 0.69% and Nagaland at 0.66%.
In the southern states, HIV is primarily spread through heterosexual contact. Infections in the Northeast are mainly found amongst injecting drug users (IDUs) and sex workers.
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 25 million
More than 70% of all people living with HIV, which is estimated to be around 25 million live in sub-Saharan Africa. This includes 88% of the world’s HIV-positive children. In 2012, an estimated 1.6 million people in the region became newly infected. An estimated 1.2 million adults and children have died of AIDS, which accounts for 75 percent of the world’s AIDS deaths in 2012.
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 5 million
In the Asia-Pacific region, as many as 351,000 people were newly infected in 2012, bringing the total number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the region to nearly 5 million. AIDS claimed approximately 261,000 lives here in 2012.
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 250,000
Approximately 12,000 people were infected in the Caribbean in 2012, bringing the total number of people living with HIV/AIDS there to over 250,000. AIDS claimed an estimated 11,000 lives in 2012.
Central and South America
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 million
There were an estimated 86,000 new HIV/AIDS infections and 52,000 AIDS-related deaths in Central and South America in 2012. This region currently has 1.5 million people living with HIV/AIDS.
North Africa and the Middle East
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 260,000
Approximately 260,000 people are living with HIV in this region and an estimated 32,000 people were newly infected in 2012. An estimated 17,000 adults and children have died of the virus here.
Eastern and Western Europe
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.3 million
In 2012, an estimated 130,000 people were newly infected with HIV, bringing the number of people living with HIV/AIDS to 1.3 million in Europe. HIV/AIDS claimed 91,000 lives in 2012. HIV infections have increased by 13% (that is 100,000 people) since 2006. The majority of people diagnosed with HIV were drug abusers who use intravenous needles and gay men. Less than 1% of the population was HIV positive across the continent.
In Western and Central Europe, there were 29,000 new cases of HIV, bringing the number of people living with HIV here to 860,000 in 2012. An estimated 7,600 people in these regions died of AIDS in 2012. However, Ukraine, Belarus and Spain were found to have the highest HIV rates among needle users, with 21, 17 and 16% respectively. The number of AIDS-related deaths in the region has increased from 36,000 in 2001 to 91,000 people last year. New infections among drug users in Greece have risen because of funding cuts in the treatment centres.
What is PEPFAR?
PEPFAR is the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. Tanzania is its key partner. In 2013 alone, PEPFAR’s support programs directly helped more than 990,000 people in Tanzania. Of these, 330,000 were orphans and vulnerable children. The lifesaving anti-retroviral treatment was given to more than 444,000 Tanzanians through PEPFAR. This year alone, PEPFAR has diagnosed and counselled over 5 million Tanzanians, of which, an estimated 1.5 million were pregnant women. With PEPFAR’s combined efforts, Tanzanians are less likely to be infected with HIV and the ones living with HIV are hoping to live full lives.
PEPFAR envisions an AIDS-free generation for the entire world. In 2013, PEPFAR and its partners launched the PMTCT (prevent mother-to-child transmission) program which witnessed the millionth HIV-free baby born to an HIV-positive mother. Through various advances in healthcare and, individual and collective behaviourial changes, PEPFAR has reached a tipping point of the epidemic.
Source: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2013; UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2013 and NACO